Housing Choice Voucher

The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program is the nation’s largest low-income rental assistance program. Funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and administered locally by public housing authorities (PHAs), Section 8 Housing Choice Vouchers serve approximately 2.2 million households, including nearly 1.3 million that are served by CLPHA member PHAs.

The HCV program targets the lowest-income families. At least 75 percent of new voucher holders must have incomes that are below 30% of their area’s median income. In 2016, at least 66 percent of households receiving rental assistance through the HCV program were extremely-low income, earning less than $29,500 for a family of three. Average annual household income among tenants in the program is approximately $14,500.

While targeting the most economically disadvantaged households, the HCV program also serves the most vulnerable. In 2016, 60 percent of HCV households were elderly (36 percent) or disabled (24 percent). Thirty-five percent of HCV households included children under the age of 18. CLPHA members served 23 percent, or 506,928, of voucher-assisted children in 2016. Of those non-disabled, non-elderly HCV households, 75 percent were working, worked recently, or likely were subject to work requirements.

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